The most recent research in Ontario indicates that about 2-3% of children 7-9 years of age have FASD. This is higher than the 1% that experts used to expect. Many of these children are not diagnosed due to a lack of understanding and awareness about FASD, a lack of diagnostic services and a reluctance for
It is common for people with FASD to be able to do something one day and not the next. Some people with FASD to make up a story if they have forgotten something or if they do not understand why something happened (cause and effect). This is due to the brain damage caused from the
The behaviours seen in people with FASD are related to the damage done when alcohol is used in pregnancy. People with FASD may have problems managing the challenges and frustrations of living with the disorder. A lack of understanding and the right kind of supports can also create many behaviour problems for people living with
FASD is a lifelong, whole-body, physical disorder. However, early diagnosis, the right, consistent support and a stable living environment can improve outcomes for people living with FASD.
Although many people with FASD have an IQ within the “normal” or even “high” range, many are not able to function as expected for their age. In other words, they may have average IQ, but below average adaptive function. IQ is often used to determine if a person is eligible for services and support. As
Very few people with FASD have recognizable facial features. The facial features (short palpebral fissures, thin upper lip and a smooth philtrum) occur if the fetus is exposed to alcohol between days 18-21. There is no connection between having FASD facial features and the amount of damage to the brain and body
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FASD affects all communities in Ontario and Canada. In 2015, 76.7% of Ontario women 15 years of age and older drank alcohol. In Canada, it is estimated that 50% of pregnancies are unplanned. Considering these statistics, it is clear that many babies will be exposed to alcohol in pregnancy regardless of level of education, age,